Divided Into: Four Parts
Canals: Two (crossing in the center)
Trees: Cyprus and Fruit-bearing Trees
Tajmahal Gardens are set up in a Persian style, running from
the main gateway to the base of the Tajmahal. The Persian
style of gardens, with emphasis on flowers, fruit, birds,
leaves, symmetry and delicacy, was introduced in India by
Babur. These gardens were based on geometric arrangements of
nature and no attempt was made to give them a "natural" look.
Another architectural attribute that has been followed in the
case of the entire monument, especially the gardens of the Tajmahal of Agra, is the usage of number four and its multiples.
Since four is considered the holiest number in Islam, all the
arrangements of Charbagh Garden of Tajmahal are based on four
or its multiples. The entire garden is divided into four
parts, with two marble canals studded with fountains crossing
in the center. In each quarter portion, there are 16
flowerbeds that have been divided by stone-paved raised
pathways. It is said that even each of the flowerbed was
planted with 400 plants.
The trees of the Taj garden are either that of Cyprus
(signifying death) or of the fruit bearing type (signifying
life) and even they are arranged in a symmetrical pattern. Tajmahal occupies the north end corner of the garden, instead of
being in the center. Infact, at the center of the garden,
between the Taj and its gateway, is a raised marble lotus-tank
with a cusped border, which reflects the Taj in its waters.
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